Cairo (/ˈkr/ KYE-roh; Arabic: القاهرة, al-Qāhirah) is the capital and largest city of Egypt. Greater Cairo is the largest metropolitan area in the Middle East and the Arab world, and 15th-largest in the world, and is associated with ancient Egypt, as the famous Giza pyramid complex and the ancient city of Memphis are located in its geographical area. Located near the Nile Delta, modern Cairo was founded in 969 CE by Jawhar al-Siqilli ("the Sicilian") of the Fatimid dynasty, but the land composing the present-day city was the site of ancient national capitals whose remnants remain visible in parts of Old Cairo. Cairo has long been a center of the region's political and cultural life, and is nicknamed "the city of a thousand minarets" for its preponderance of Islamic architecture.

Egyptians today often refer to Cairo as Maṣr ([mɑsˤɾ], مصر), the Egyptian Arabic pronunciation of the name for Egypt itself, emphasizing the city's continued role in Egyptian influence. Its official name is القاهرة al-Qāhirah, means literally: "the Defeater", in reference to the fact that the planet Mars ("Al Najm Al Qahir") was rising at the time when the city was founded as well as, "the Vanquisher"; "the Conqueror"; Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [elqɑ(ː)ˈheɾɑ], "the Defeater" or, " "the Victorious" (al-Qahira) in reference to the much awaited Caliph al-Mu'izz li Din Allah who arrived from the old Fatimid Ifriqiyan capital of Mahdia in 973 to the city. The Egyptian name for Cairo is said to be: Khere-Ohe, meaning: "The Place of Combat", supposedly, in reference to a battle which took place between the Gods Seth and Horus. Sometimes the city is informally also referred to as كايرو Kayro [ˈkæjɾo]. It is also called Umm ad-Dunya, meaning "the mother of the world".

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Egyptian Judiciary in Service of Repression

Human Rights 23 Nov 2020
It took authorities four days to transfer him from Cairo’s Tora Prison to al-Khalifa Police Station, just 14 kilometers away. He was then transferred twice more, eventually to the police station in Dekernis, north of Cairo, where his registered residence is....

New York authorities return ancient stele to Egypt

The Art Newspaper 23 Nov 2020
Allegedly looted during the Arab Spring in 2011, the coffin was returned to Egypt in September 2019 ... they all came from Simon Simonian, a former dealer in Cairo, who said the works were legally exported in the 1970s, after he purchased the stock of another local dealer ... Simonian died on 24 September in California, where he had retired ... ....

Macron and El-Sisi Face Uphill Battles for Religious Reform

The Algemeiner 23 Nov 2020
Opinion ... Photo ... 0 ... “If you consider blaspheming our Prophet as freedom of expression,” he said during a meeting with French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian in Cairo, “then we adamantly refuse this freedom and will take the perpetrators to international courts as a legal way to defend our honorable Prophet.” ... ....

Beijing’s sovereignty claim is groundless

Taipei Times 20 Nov 2020
... State Mike Pompeo said that “Taiwan has not been part of China.” This is reasonable, legal and truthful ... The Cairo Declaration is not legally binding, while the San Fransisco Peace Treaty and the Sino-Japanese Peace Treaty did not address who was to have sovereignty over Taiwan....

Egypt: Leading Rights Group Official Arrested

Human Rights 16 Nov 2020
An EIPR source told Human Rights Watch that “heavily armed” police and National Security Agency officers arrested Basheer at his home in Cairo and held him in an undisclosed location for 12 hours, interrogating him about the group’s work, including the meeting with diplomats....

Tyga sued over R3.1m for 'trashing' house and not paying rent

Independent online (SA) 12 Nov 2020
He had moved in in March 2017 but by January, failed to pay the rent, causing her to take legal action to recover the money and get him out of the house. In the lawsuit, the “BedRock” rapper's son King Cairo, now eight, was also named as a defendant because the youngster - whose mother is Blac Chyna - had his name recorded on lease. ....

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